By Hamidah In Publications

Mars Project Research

There is a science trend going on that we should live on Mars if Earth wasn’t habitable to us anymore. People have decided to go to Mars but have now realized that there are more Earth like planets, but in my defence the transportation fund is extremely expensive. So that is why I am doing this project.

For this project I know Mars is not the most ideal place to live. However, what if it was our only choice and we had all the resources and profit to go through with this project. That is what this project is about, the information and the ideas I have that will make it possible for us to live on Mars.

Reasons being suggested of why we can’t live on Mars

It is cold way colder than Antarctica Night temperatures = -70c Occasionally = -100c often cold enough for the Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere to freeze into dry ice. A human could not survive those conditions without technology ( Explain the technology that you are creating or your plan on what this specific technology would look like)

Mars has an atmosphere, but it is extremely thin it would count as a laboratory vacuum on Earth. The carbon dioxide on Mars comes with some usage for making rocket fuel using imported hydrogen as a feedstock. But again, rocket fuel in the form water is abundant in many places, even available at the poles of the moon. Not a main advantage for Mars but is very useful.

Space X

SpaceX is a very large astrological company run by Elon musk who creates innovative ideas on how humans could successfully and productively move to Mars.

Raptor Engines

In order to get itself down and to be lowered.
Extract oxygen from chemicals and elements that already exist on Mars.
Get frozen water down to regulated water temperatures.

Physics

( I want to create a heated vacuum pipe that will allow the frozen water to go to the home) Example 12 inch pipe Pressure= l of pipe x area x density x g – divided by area of pipe
Or
Pressure= lx
A vertical pipe 1 metre long holds about 0.15 litres of water, which weighs 0.15 kg, giving a down force on the bottom end of Force = mass of acceleration = 0.15 kg x 9.8

The force exerts a pressure of Pressure = force/area = 1.5 (N)/145 sq.mm) 1.5 x c 1 000 / 0.145 = 110000

Pressure from your tap depends on the height of the building above the water main and its local service reservoir, whether you share a service pipe with your neighbours and the condition , size and length of your service pipe.

We can use the radiation to our advantage by creating artificial heat to power and warm the home.

Electric Water Heaters

The typical electric unit is wired to a 220-volt circuit. To heat the water, the current passes through electrical-resistance heating elements—usually two, one at the middle of the tanlenghe bottom .

There are lots of ways of heating the water in the cylinder, and one of the oldest methods can be the simplest and cheapest. It depends on the apparently odd fact that hot water weighs less than cold water.
Similarly, the pressure at the bottom of the left-hand pipe, which holds water at, say, 65o C, is:

If these two pressures Here is a boiler heating the water in a cylinder. All the boiler does is heat water in the pipe on the right. The water itself does the rest. To see why, think about the pressures in the pipes on each side of the boiler. The right-hand pipe holds hot water at, say, 82o C. The pressure at the bottom is then:

are different, the water will be forced to move. And as the graph shows, water at 82o​ ​C is about 1% less dense than the same water at 65o​ ​C. This may not sound very much, but it’s enough.

The difference in the density of the water in the flow and return pipes is about 10 kg/m3 . A litre of the cold water weighs just 10 grams more than a litre of the hot water. This tiny difference – less than the weight of an English robin – provides the force that makes the water move.
The circulating pressure then seems to be:

but there is one more detail to factor in.
The water being moved is hot, so it weighs less than cold water, so the circulating pressure would make it move slightly faster than if it were cold water. The correction is easy to add:

It’s more usual to express the pressure in a more general way that doesn’t directly involve h, because then you can calculate how fast the water will flow round even a complicated circuit. But this is getting ahead of the story. For now, assume that the boiler is on the ground floor and the cylinder is on the floor above, so that h is (say) 3 metres. Then, putting in the numbers for this example, the pressure is

This is a real pressure difference, and the cold water will push the hot water around. The only major drawback is that the pressure difference is so small, which means that the pipes have to be wide for it to work well. But it does work, and it doesn’t need a separate pump.
Of course in the long humans will slowly adapt and evolve to the environment.

List of chemicals that contain oxygen we could extract oxygen and other important resources

Benzoic acid
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Selenium
Plant Genetics (Found only in plant
cells)
Plastids are free – floating membranous organelles found only in the cytosol of plant cells. Plastids store materials that are useful and perform other important functions that help keep the cell alive. One of the most important plastids is the chloroplast.

Chloroplasts contain all of the chemicals necessary to perform photosynthesis, a set of chemical reactions that converts carbon dioxide and water (from the extracellular fluid) into molecules that plant cells use as food. The membranes of thylakoids contain molecules of green pigment(we could change the pigment to a colour that is less prone to freezing). Chlorophyll is responsible for the green colour and responsible for the start of photosynthesis. Chromoplasts are colourful plastids, containing the red, orange, and yellow pigments commonly found in flowers, fruits and vegetables.
Vacuoles
Are usually large filled membrane bound sacs filled with a watery solution containing dissolved sugars, minerals, and proteins. They are common in plant cells, where the pressure inside one or two large vacuoles helps keep the cell membrane pressed firmly against the cell wall. This pressure called turgor pressure, is responsible for the firm texture of fresh vegetables such as celery stalks and carrot roots, and of the stems and leaves of all plants. When plant cells lose water, the vacuoles shrink, and the decrease in turgor pressure causes structure such as stems and roots to become limp and wilted.
Genetic information for the seeds or plants that will survive on Mars
They have more sugars, osmolytes, special proteins and membrane lipids in their cells,” says Nassuth. The sugars act like antifreeze while osmolytes help the cell retain water. When a plant cell doesn’t have enough water, the proteins in its membrane unfold and become inactive. Water helps keep the proteins folded in the right position, while other proteins help prevent the membrane from breaking. Lipids also keep the membrane flexible to accommodate changing water levels.
Since wild grapes experience winters year after year, “Our hypothesis is that wild grapes have a superior mechanism and coniferous and evergreen trees.(We will extract the genes out of those plants)

The metal that should be used when building a water heater or home on Mars are the alkaline Earth metals, because they are least reactive to water and oxygen. I have decided to use beryllium as my main metal because it is the most accessible and easy to make. Two beryllium (Be) atoms are able to bond with one carbon (C) atom to create BeC2.
The cost is 93 dollars per 100g.

Melting point and Freezing point of Beryllium is 1287 degrees Celsius and minus 1287 degrees Celsius. The standard atomic weight of Beryllium is 9.0121831.(5)’
The electron configuration is [He] 2s2
Density 1.85g/cm3
Molecular weight 9.012182g/mol
Be3Al2C(SIO3/6)
Solubility in water
166g/h100ml
Mechanics

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